Basic tempo markings The common tempo markings are: Adagietto — rather slow (70–80 bpm) Adagio — slow and stately (literally, "at ease") (66–76 bpm) Agitato – hurried, restless Allegretto grazioso — moderately fast and gracefully Allegretto — moderately fast (but less so than allegro) Allegrissimo — very fast Allegro — fast and bright or "march tempo" (120–168 bpm) Allegro appassionato – fast and passionately Allegro moderato — moderately quick (112–124 bpm) Andante — at a walking pace (76–108 bpm) Andante Moderato — a bit faster than andante Andantino – slightly faster than andante Grave — slow and solemn Largamente — very, very, very slow 10bpm Larghetto — rather broadly (60–66 bpm) Larghissimo — very, very slow (20 bpm and below) Largo — very slow (40–60 bpm), like lento Lento — very slow (40–60 bpm) Lento assai – even more slowly than lento Lento Moderato — moderately slow Moderato espressivo — moderately with expression Moderato — moderately (108–120 bpm) Prestissimo — extremely fast (more than 200bpm) Presto — very fast (168–200 bpm) Sostenuto – sustained, prolonged Tranquillamente — adverb of tranquillo, "tranquilly" Tranquillo — tranquil Vivace — lively and fast (≈140 bpm)(quicker than allegro.
) Vivacissimamente — adverb of vivacissimo, "very quickly and lively" Vivacissimo — very fast and lively Vivo — lively and alive Additional Terms: A piacere — the performer may use his own discretion with regard to tempo and rhythm; literally "at pleasure" L'istesso tempo — at the same speed Maestoso - in a stately, dignified and majestic fashion (march-like) Marcato — marching tempo, marked with emphasis Misterioso — mysterious Tempo comodo — at a comfortable (normal) speed Tempo di.
.. — the speed of a ... (such as Tempo di valse (speed of a waltz), Tempo di marcia (speed of a march)) Tempo giusto — at a consistent speed, at the 'right' speed, in strict tempo Tempo semplice — simple, regular speed, plainly All of these markings are based on a few root words such as 'allegro', 'largo', 'adagio', 'vivace', 'presto' 'andante' and 'lento'. By adding the -issimo ending the word is amplified, by adding the -ino ending the word is diminished, and by adding the -etto ending the word is endeared.
Note: Metronome markings are a guide only and depending on the time signature and the piece itself, these figures may not be appropriate in every circumstance.  Common qualifiers alla — in the manner or style of, as in: alla breve — in short style, i.e., duple time, with the half note (minim) rather than the quarter note (crotchet) as the beat; cut time; 2/2 instead of 4/4; often marked as a semicircle with a vertical line through it (see Time signature) alla marcia — in the manner of a march (e.
g., Beethoven, op. 101) all' ongarese — in Hungarian style alla (danza) tedesca — in the style of the Ländler (ca. 1800), and similar dances in rather quick triple meter (see Beethoven, op. 79, op. 130) alla turca — in the Turkish style, that is, in imitation of Turkish military music (Janizary music), which became popular in Europe in the late 18th century alla zingarese — in the style of Gypsy music assai — much, as in allegro assai, quite fast ben — well, as in ben marcato (well marked or accented) con bravura— with skill con brio — with vigor and spirit con fuoco — with fire con moto — with motion deciso — decidedly, decisively fugato — in fugal style, usually part of a non-fugal composition; such passages often occur in the development sections of symphonies, sonatas, and quartets in modo — in the manner of, in the style of: in modo napolitano (in Neapolitan style), in modo di marcia funebre (in the manner of a funeral march) meno — less, as in meno mosso (less quickly) molto — much, very, as in molto allegro (very quick) or molto adagio (very slow) non troppo — not too much, e.
g. allegro non troppo (or allegro ma non troppo) means "fast, but not too much" non tanto — not so much più — more, as in più allegro (more quickly); used as a relative indication when the tempo changes piuttosto — rather, as in piuttosto allegro (rather quick) poco — slightly, little, as in Poco adagio poco a poco — little by little polacca — generic name for Polish dances, usually the polonaise, as in tempo di polacca; note, however, that the "Polacca" in Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No.
1 shows little resemblance to the polonaise primo — principal or early, as in tempo primo, the same tempo as at the beginning quasi — almost, nearly, as if (such as Più allegro quasi presto, "faster, as if presto") senza — without, as in senza interruzione (without interruption or pause), senza tempo or senza misura (without strict measure) subito — suddenly Note: In addition to the common allegretto, composers freely apply Italian diminutive and superlative suffixes to variouSee Also: Folding Motorcycle Ramp
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allegro con brio [Italian] A directive to perform the indicated passage of a composition at a fast tempo with spirit. See Also [Italian] ...